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United States
Indiana Codes TITLE 9. MOTOR VEHICLES ARTICLE 19. MOTOR VEHICLE EQUIPMENT

  1. ARTICLE 19. MOTOR VEHICLE EQUIPMENT
    1. CHAPTER 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS AND EXEMPTIONS
    2. CHAPTER 2. AIR CONDITIONING
    3. CHAPTER 3. BRAKES
    4. CHAPTER 4. BUMPERS
    5. CHAPTER 5. HORNS AND EMERGENCY WARNING SIGNALS
    6. CHAPTER 6. LIGHTS, REFLECTORS, AND TURN SIGNALS
    7. CHAPTER 7. MOTORCYCLE EQUIPMENT
    8. CHAPTER 8. MUFFLERS AND NOISE LIMITS
    9. CHAPTER 9. ODOMETERS
    10. CHAPTER 10. PASSENGER RESTRAINT SYSTEMS
    11. CHAPTER 10.5. INFLATABLE RESTRAINT SYSTEMS
    12. CHAPTER 11. PASSENGER RESTRAINT SYSTEMS FOR CHILDREN
    13. CHAPTER 12. REAR VIEW MIRRORS
    14. CHAPTER 13. SCHOOL BUS DESIGN AND EQUIPMENT
    15. CHAPTER 14. SPECIAL EQUIPMENT FOR EMERGENCY VEHICLES
    16. CHAPTER 14.5. SPECIAL EQUIPMENT FOR PRIVATE EMERGENCY VEHICLES
    17. CHAPTER 15. SPECIAL EQUIPMENT FOR TRANSPORTING EXPLOSIVES
    18. CHAPTER 16. REPEALED
    19. CHAPTER 17. TELEVISION SETS
    20. CHAPTER 18. TIRES
    21. CHAPTER 19. WINDOWS AND WINDSHIELD WIPERS
    22. CHAPTER 20. MOTOR VEHICLES USED FOR GOVERNMENT FUNDED TRANSPORTATION OF PASSENGERS
    23. CHAPTER 21. SPECIAL EQUIPMENT FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE COLLECTION AND TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES

Indiana Codes
TITLE 9. MOTOR VEHICLES
ARTICLE 19. MOTOR VEHICLE EQUIPMENT

CHAPTER 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS AND EXEMPTIONS

IC 9-19
    ARTICLE 19. MOTOR VEHICLE EQUIPMENT

IC 9-19-1
     Chapter 1. General Provisions and Exemptions

IC 9-19-1-1
Application of article generally
    
Sec. 1. (a) Except as provided in subsection (b) and as otherwise provided in this chapter, this article does not apply to the following with respect to equipment on vehicles:
        (1) Implements of agriculture designed to be operated primarily in a farm field or on farm premises.
        (2) Road machinery.
        (3) Road rollers.
        (4) Farm tractors.
        (5) Vehicle chassis that:
            (A) are a part of a vehicle manufacturer's work in process; and
            (B) are driven under this subdivision only for a distance of less than one (1) mile.
        (6) Golf carts when operated in accordance with an ordinance adopted under IC 9-21-1-3(a)(14) or IC 9-21-1-3.3(a).
    (b) A farm type dry or liquid fertilizer tank trailer or spreader that is drawn or towed on a highway by a motor vehicle other than a farm tractor at a speed greater than thirty (30) miles per hour is considered a trailer for equipment requirement purposes and all equipment requirements concerning trailers apply.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.98-1991, SEC.1; P.L.210-2005, SEC.27; P.L.150-2009, SEC.7; P.L.182-2009(ss), SEC.289.

IC 9-19-1-2
Application of chapter and IC 9-19-4-3, IC 9-19-4-4, and IC 9-19-5-7; exceptions to equipment requirements; notice; permits
    
Sec. 2. (a) Except as provided in subsections (b) and (c), sections 4 through 5 of this chapter and IC 9-19-4-3, IC 9-19-4-4, and IC 9-19-5-7 do not apply to vehicles:
        (1) while engaged in the construction of highways; and
        (2) when the movement of the vehicles is confined wholly to highways or roads or sections of highways or roads that are under construction and not yet open to unlimited public use.
    (b) If the authority having jurisdiction over the construction of the public highway gives written notice to the owner or operator of a vehicle that the vehicle may not be operated in violation of sections 4 through 5 of this chapter and IC 9-19-4-3, IC 9-19-4-4, and IC 9-19-5-7 without a permit issued by the authority, the owner or operator must obtain a permit from the authority before the vehicle is operated within the highway construction area.
    (c) If written notice is given under subsection (b) and a permit is

not obtained by the owner or operator, sections 4 through 5 of this chapter and IC 9-19-4-3, IC 9-19-4-4, and IC 9-19-5-7 apply to the owner's or operator's vehicle while engaged in the construction of a public highway.
    (d) The written notice that this section requires from the authority having jurisdiction to the owner or operator may be in the form of any one (1) of the following documents:
        (1) A letter.
        (2) A specifications document.
        (3) A contract document.
        (4) A written agreement.
        (5) A written document that pertains to the construction work being performed by the owner or operator.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.12-1991, SEC.2.

IC 9-19-1-3
Exceptions to applicability of chapter
    
Sec. 3. Sections 4 through 5 of this chapter and IC 9-19-4-3, IC 9-19-4-4, and IC 9-19-5-7:
        (1) do not apply to:
            (A) machinery or equipment used in highway construction or maintenance by the Indiana department of transportation, counties, or municipalities;
            (B) farm drainage machinery;
            (C) implements of agriculture when used during farming operations or when constructed so that they can be moved without material damage to the highways; or
            (D) firefighting apparatus owned or operated by a political subdivision or a volunteer fire department (as defined in IC 36-8-12-2); and
        (2) do not limit the width or height of farm vehicles when loaded with farm products.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.81-1991, SEC.6; P.L.1-1999, SEC.29; P.L.210-2005, SEC.28.

IC 9-19-1-4
Operation of noncomplying vehicle
    
Sec. 4. Except as otherwise provided in this article, a person may not operate or move upon a highway in Indiana a vehicle or combination of vehicles that are not constructed or equipped in compliance with this article.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-1-5
Owner operating or permitting operation of noncomplying vehicle
    
Sec. 5. Except as otherwise provided in this article, an owner of a vehicle may not cause or knowingly permit to be operated or moved upon a highway in Indiana a vehicle or combination of vehicles that is not constructed or equipped in compliance with this article. As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-1-6
United States Department of Transportation regulations; classification of violations
    
Sec. 6. (a) This section does not apply to a person who owns or operates a vehicle or combination of vehicles that:
        (1) contains parts and accessories; and
        (2) is equipped;
as required under regulations of the United States Department of Transportation.
    (b) A person who violates this chapter commits a Class C infraction.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-1-7
Interstate compacts and agreements; equipment violations convictions and citations
    
Sec. 7. The following are subject to IC 9-28:
        (1) A:
            (A) conviction for a crime; or
            (B) judgment for an offense or ordinance violation;
        under this article related to the use or operation of a motor vehicle.
        (2) The issuance of a citation (as defined in IC 9-28-2-1) under this article.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

CHAPTER 2. AIR CONDITIONING

IC 9-19-2
     Chapter 2. Air Conditioning

IC 9-19-2-1
Manufacture, installation and maintenance; safety requirements
    
Sec. 1. Air conditioning equipment shall be manufactured, installed, and maintained with due regard for the safety of the occupants of the vehicle and the public and may not contain a refrigerant that is toxic to individuals or that is flammable, unless the refrigerant is included in the list published by the United States Environmental Protection Agency as a safe alternative motor vehicle air conditioning substitute for chlorofluorocarbon-12 under 42 U.S.C. 7671k(c).
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.54-2009, SEC.3.

IC 9-19-2-2
Selling or equipping vehicle with noncomplying equipment
    
Sec. 2. A person may not:
        (1) have for sale;
        (2) offer for sale; or
        (3) sell or equip;
a motor vehicle with air conditioning equipment unless the equipment complies with this chapter.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-2-3
Operation of vehicle with noncomplying equipment
    
Sec. 3. A person may not operate on a highway a motor vehicle equipped with air conditioning equipment unless the air conditioning equipment complies with this chapter.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-2-4
United States Department of Transportation regulations; classification of violations
    
Sec. 4. (a) This section does not apply to a person who owns or operates a vehicle or combination of vehicles that:
        (1) contains parts and accessories; and
        (2) is equipped;
as required under regulations of the United States Department of Transportation.
    (b) A person who violates this chapter commits a Class C infraction.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

CHAPTER 3. BRAKES

IC 9-19-3
     Chapter 3. Brakes

IC 9-19-3-1
Safety requirements; means of applying brakes
    
Sec. 1. A motor vehicle other than a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle, when operated upon a highway, must be equipped with brakes adequate to control the movement of and to stop and hold the vehicle. The brakes must include two (2) separate means of applying the brakes, each of which means must apply the brakes to at least two (2) wheels. If these two (2) separate means of applying the brakes are connected in any way, the means must be constructed so that failure of one (1) part of the operating mechanism does not leave the motor vehicle without brakes on at least two (2) wheels.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-3-2
Motorcycles
    
Sec. 2. A motorcycle and a motor-driven cycle, when operated upon a highway, must be equipped with at least one (1) brake, which may be operated by hand or foot.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-3-3
Trailers and semitrailers of gross weight of 3,000 pounds or more
    
Sec. 3. A trailer or semitrailer of a gross weight of at least three thousand (3,000) pounds, when operated upon a highway, must be equipped with brakes adequate to control the movement of and to stop and to hold the vehicle. The brakes must be designed so that the driver of the towing motor vehicle can apply the brakes from the cab, and must be designed and connected so that the brakes will be automatically applied in an accidental breakaway of the towed vehicle.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-3-4
New vehicle requirements; exceptions
    
Sec. 4. (a) Except as provided in subsections (b) through (c), a new motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer sold in Indiana and operated upon the highways must be equipped with service brakes upon all wheels of the vehicle.
    (b) The following are not required to be equipped with brakes:
        (1) A motorcycle or motor-driven cycle.
        (2) A semitrailer of less than three thousand (3,000) pounds gross weight.
    (c) A truck or truck-tractor having at least three (3) axles is not required to have service brakes on the front wheels. If a truck or truck-tractor is equipped with at least two (2) steerable axles, the wheels of one (1) steerable axle are not required to have service brakes although the truck or truck-tractor must be capable of

complying with the performance requirements of sections 7 through 8 of this chapter.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.81-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-3-5
Mechanical connection from operating lever to brake shoes or bands
    
Sec. 5. One (1) of the two (2) means of brake operation under section 1 of this chapter must consist of a mechanical connection from the operating lever to the brake shoes or bands. The brake must be capable of holding the vehicle or a combination of vehicles stationary under any condition of loading on any upgrade or downgrade upon which the vehicle is operated.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-3-6
Brake shoes; service and hand operation
    
Sec. 6. The brake shoes operating within or upon the drums on the vehicle wheels of a motor vehicle may be used for both service and hand operation.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-3-7
Deceleration and stopping distance requirements
    
Sec. 7. A motor vehicle or combination of vehicles, at all times and under all conditions of loading, must, upon application of the service (foot) brake, be capable of decelerating and developing a braking force equivalent to the deceleration according to the minimum requirements set forth in this section and must be capable of stopping within the distances set forth in the following table:
                        Equivalent
                        breaking force
              Deceleration     in percentage
    Stopping     in feet per     of vehicle
    distance     second per     or combination
    in feet     second     weight
    Passenger
    vehicles, not
    including buses    25     17     53 .0%
    Single-unit vehicles
    with a
    manufacturer's
    gross vehicle
    weight rating of
    less than 10,000
    pounds    30     14     43 .5%
    Single-unit, 2-axle
    vehicles with a
    manufacturer's
    gross vehicle     weight rating of
    10,000 or more
    pounds    40     14     43 .5%
    All other vehicles
    and combinations
    with a
    manufacturer's
    gross vehicle
    weight rating of
    10,000 or more
    pounds    50     14     43 .5%
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-3-8
Determination of compliance with deceleration and stopping distance requirements
    
Sec. 8. Compliance with standards set forth in section 7 of this chapter must be determined by one (1) of the following:
        (1) Actual road tests conducted on a substantially level (not to exceed a plus or minus one per cent (1%) grade), dry, smooth, hard-surfaced road that is free from loose material, and with stopping distance measured from the actual instant braking controls are moved and from an initial speed of twenty (20) miles per hour.
        (2) Suitable mechanical tests in a testing lane that recreates the same conditions.
        (3) A combination of the methods described in subdivisions (1) through (2).
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-3-9
Maintenance and adjustment
    
Sec. 9. All brakes must be maintained in good working order and must be adjusted so as to operate as equally as practicable with respect to the wheels on opposite sides of the vehicle.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-3-10
United States Department of Transportation regulations; classification of violations
    
Sec. 10. (a) This section does not apply to a person who owns or operates a vehicle or combination of vehicles that:
        (1) contains parts and accessories; and
        (2) is equipped;
as required under regulations of the United States Department of Transportation.
    (b) A person who violates this chapter commits a Class C infraction.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

CHAPTER 4. BUMPERS

IC 9-19-4
     Chapter 4. Bumpers

IC 9-19-4-1
Passenger cars originally equipped with bumpers; bumper height
    
Sec. 1. When operated upon a highway, a motor vehicle registered as a passenger car that was originally equipped with bumpers as standard equipment must be so equipped. The bumper height may not vary more than three (3) inches from the original manufactured bumper height for the vehicle.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-4-2
Trucks with declared gross weight of not more than 11,000 pounds
    
Sec. 2. When operated upon a highway, a motor vehicle registered as a truck with a declared gross weight of not more than eleven thousand (11,000) pounds must be equipped with bumpers of substantial construction on the extreme front and the extreme rear of the vehicle. The height of the front and rear bumpers may not exceed thirty (30) inches when measured from level pavement to the bottom of the bumper.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-4-3
Frame or body 60 inches beyond rear axle and 42 inches above roadway
    
Sec. 3. A vehicle with a frame or body that extends more than sixty (60) inches beyond the rear of the rear axle and is more than forty-two (42) inches above the roadway may not be operated on a highway in Indiana unless the vehicle is equipped with a bumper on the extreme rear of the frame or body. The bumper must extend downward from the rear of the frame or body to within thirty (30) inches of the roadway and must be of substantial construction.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-4-4
United States Department of Transportation regulations; classification of violations
    
Sec. 4. (a) This section does not apply to a person who owns or operates a vehicle or combination of vehicles that:
        (1) contains parts and accessories; and
        (2) is equipped;
as required under regulations of the United States Department of Transportation.
    (b) A person who violates this chapter commits a Class C infraction.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

CHAPTER 5. HORNS AND EMERGENCY WARNING SIGNALS

IC 9-19-5
     Chapter 5. Horns and Emergency Warning Signals

IC 9-19-5-1
Necessity of horn; audibility
    
Sec. 1. A motor vehicle, when operated upon a highway, must be equipped with a horn in good working order and capable of emitting sound audible under normal conditions from a distance of not less than two hundred (200) feet. However, a horn or other warning device may not emit an unreasonably loud or harsh sound or a whistle.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-5-2
Use of horn during operation of vehicle
    
Sec. 2. The driver of a motor vehicle shall, when reasonably necessary to ensure safe operation, give audible warning with the horn on the motor vehicle but may not otherwise use the horn when upon a highway.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-5-3
Equipping vehicle with sirens, whistles, or bells; exemption
    
Sec. 3. (a) Except as provided in subsection (b):
        (1) a vehicle may not be equipped with; and
        (2) a person may not use upon a vehicle;
a siren, whistle, or bell.
    (b) An authorized emergency vehicle may be equipped with a siren, whistle, or bell that is capable of emitting sound audible under normal conditions from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet and of a type approved by the department. A siren authorized under this section may not be used except when the vehicle is operated in response to an emergency call or in the immediate pursuit of an actual or suspected violation of the law. The person who drives a vehicle equipped with a siren under this section shall sound the siren when reasonably necessary to warn pedestrians and other persons who are driving vehicles of the approach of the authorized vehicle.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.1-1991, SEC.85.

IC 9-19-5-4
Repealed
    
(Repealed by P.L.1-1991, SEC.86.)

IC 9-19-5-5
Theft alarms
    
Sec. 5. A commercial vehicle may be equipped with a theft alarm signal device that cannot be used by the driver as an ordinary warning signal.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.
IC 9-19-5-6
Emergency warning signals
    
Sec. 6. (a) A person may not operate a motor truck, passenger bus, or truck-tractor upon a highway outside the corporate limits of a municipality from a half hour after sunset to a half hour before sunrise unless the vehicle carries the following equipment:
        (1) At least three (3):
            (A) flares (liquid-burning pot torches);
            (B) red electric lanterns; or
            (C) portable red emergency reflectors;
        each of which must be capable of being seen and distinguished at a distance of not less than six hundred (600) feet under normal atmospheric conditions at nighttime.
        (2) At least three (3) red-burning fuses unless red electric lanterns or red portable emergency reflectors are carried.
        (3) At least two (2) red-cloth flags, not less than twelve (12) inches square, with standards to support the flags.
    (b) A flare (liquid-burning pot torch), fusee, electric lantern, or cloth warning flag may not be used to comply with this section unless the equipment has been submitted to and approved by the director of traffic safety.
    (c) A portable reflector unit may not be used to comply with this section unless the unit:
        (1) is designed and constructed to include two (2) reflecting elements, one (1) above the other, each of which must be capable of reflecting red light clearly visible from all distances within six hundred (600) feet to one hundred (100) feet under normal atmospheric conditions at night when directly in front of lawful upper beams of head lamps; and
        (2) has been submitted to and approved by the director of traffic safety.
    (d) A person may not operate at the time and under conditions stated in subsection (a) a:
        (1) motor vehicle used for the transportation of explosives;
        (2) cargo tank truck used for the transportation of flammable liquids or compressed gases; or
        (3) motor vehicle using compressed gas as a fuel;
unless three (3) red electric lanterns or three (3) portable red emergency reflectors are carried in the vehicle that meet the requirements of subsection (a). A person may not carry in such a vehicle a flare, fusee, or signal produced by flame.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-5-7
United States Department of Transportation regulations; classification of violations
    
Sec. 7. (a) This section does not apply to a person who owns or operates a vehicle or combination of vehicles that:
        (1) contains parts and accessories; and
        (2) is equipped; as required under regulations of the United States Department of Transportation.
    (b) A person who violates this chapter commits a Class C infraction.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

CHAPTER 6. LIGHTS, REFLECTORS, AND TURN SIGNALS

IC 9-19-6
     Chapter 6. Lights, Reflectors, and Turn Signals

IC 9-19-6-1
Repealed
    
(Repealed by P.L.1-1991, SEC.87.)

IC 9-19-6-1.5
"Operating crew member"
    
Sec. 1.5. As used in this chapter, "operating crew member" has the meaning set forth in IC 8-9-12-2.
As added by P.L.183-2005, SEC.3. Amended by P.L.1-2007, SEC.85.

IC 9-19-6-2
Application of illumination and visibility requirements; measurement of mounted height of lamps
    
Sec. 2. (a) The requirements in this chapter setting forth the distance from which certain lamps and devices are required to render objects visible or within which the lamps or devices are required to be visible apply:
        (1) during the times stated in IC 9-21-7-2;
        (2) with respect to a vehicle without load; and
        (3) when upon a straight, level, unlighted highway under normal atmospheric conditions;
unless a different time or condition is expressly stated.
    (b) The mounted heights of lamps or devices required in this chapter are measured from the center of the lamp or device to the level ground upon which the vehicle stands when the vehicle is without a load.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.1-1991, SEC.88.

IC 9-19-6-3
Number, location, and height of head lamps
    
Sec. 3. (a) A motor vehicle other than a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle must be equipped with at least two (2) head lamps, with at least one (1) of the head lamps on each side of the front of the motor vehicle. The head lamps must comply with this chapter.
    (b) Except as provided in subsection (c), a motorcycle and motor-driven cycle must be equipped with at least one (1) and not more than two (2) head lamps that comply with this chapter.
    (c) A motorcycle manufactured before January 1, 1956, is not required to be equipped with a head lamp if the motorcycle is not operated at the times when lighted head lamps and other illuminating devices are required under IC 9-21-7-2.
    (d) A head lamp upon a motor vehicle, including a motorcycle and motor-driven cycle, must be located at a height measured from the center of the head lamp of not less than twenty-four (24) inches and not more than fifty-four (54) inches to be measured as set forth in section 2(b) of this chapter. As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.63-1994, SEC.2.

IC 9-19-6-4
Tail lamps
    
Sec. 4. (a) Except as otherwise provided in this section:
        (1) a motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, and pole trailer; and
        (2) any other vehicle that is drawn at the end of a train of vehicles;
must be equipped with at least one (1) tail lamp mounted on the rear that when lighted as required in this chapter, emits a red light plainly visible from a distance of five hundred (500) feet to the rear.
    (b) Only the tail lamp on the rear-most vehicle of a train of vehicles is required to be seen from the distance specified.
    (c) Excluding a truck-tractor semitrailer-semitrailer combination equipped with a B-train assembly (as defined in IC 9-13-2-13) governed by section 7 of this chapter, truck-tractor, motorcycle, or motor-driven cycle:
        (1) a motor vehicle, trailer, semitrailer, and pole trailer; and
        (2) any other vehicle drawn at the end of a train of vehicles;
that is registered in Indiana and manufactured or assembled after January 1, 1956, must be equipped with at least two (2) tail lamps mounted on the rear that, when lighted, complies with this section.
    (d) A tail lamp upon a vehicle shall be located at a height of not less than twenty (20) inches and not more than seventy-two (72) inches.
    (e) Either a tail lamp or a separate lamp must be placed and constructed so as to illuminate the rear registration plate with a white light and make the plate clearly legible from a distance of fifty (50) feet to the rear. A tail lamp or tail lamps, together with a separate lamp for illuminating the rear registration plate, must be wired so as to be lighted whenever the head lamps or auxiliary driving lamps are lighted.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.34-2010, SEC.2.

IC 9-19-6-5
New vehicles; rear reflectors
    
Sec. 5. (a) Except as provided in subsections (b) through (d), a new motor vehicle sold and operated upon a highway, other than a truck-tractor, must carry on the rear, either as a part of the tail lamps or separately, two (2) red reflectors.
    (b) Except as provided in subsection (c), a motorcycle and motor-driven cycle must carry at least one (1) reflector meeting the requirements of this section.
    (c) A motorcycle manufactured before January 1, 1956, is not required to carry a reflector under this section if the motorcycle is not operated at the times when lighted head lamps and other illuminating devices are required under IC 9-21-7-2.
    (d) A vehicle of the type listed in section 7 of this chapter must be equipped with reflectors as required in those sections applicable to those vehicles.     (e) A reflector must be mounted on a vehicle at a height not less than twenty (20) inches and not more than sixty (60) inches as measured in the manner set forth in section 2(b) of this chapter. Except as otherwise provided, a reflector must be of the size and characteristics and mounted so as to be visible at night from all distances within three hundred fifty (350) feet to one hundred (100) feet from the vehicle when directly in front of lawful upper beams of head lamps.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.63-1994, SEC.3.

IC 9-19-6-6
Selling or operating vehicles without turn signals or stoplights
    
Sec. 6. (a) Except as provided in subsection (b), a person may not:
        (1) sell; or
        (2) drive on the highways;
in Indiana a motor vehicle, including a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle unless the vehicle is equipped with at least one (1) stoplight meeting the requirements of section 17 of this chapter.
    (b) A motorcycle manufactured before January 1, 1956, is not required to be equipped with a stoplight under subsection (a) if the motorcycle is not operated at the times when lighted head lamps and other illuminating devices are required under IC 9-21-7-2.
    (c) This subsection does not apply to a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle. A person may not:
        (1) sell;
        (2) offer for sale; or
        (3) operate on the highways;
a motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer registered in Indiana and manufactured or assembled after January 1, 1956, unless the vehicle is equipped with mechanical or electrical turn signals meeting the requirements of section 17 of this chapter.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.63-1994, SEC.4.

IC 9-19-6-7
Buses, trucks, truck-tractors, trailers, and semitrailers
    
Sec. 7. In addition to other equipment required in this chapter, the following vehicles must be equipped as follows, under the conditions stated in IC 9-21-7-2(b):
        (1) On a bus or truck the following:
            (A) On the rear, two (2) reflectors, one (1) at each side.
            (B) On the rear, one (1) stoplight.
        (2) On a bus or truck that is at least eighty (80) inches in overall width, in addition to the requirements in subdivision (1), the following:
            (A) On the front, two (2) clearance lamps, one (1) at each side.
            (B) On the rear, two (2) clearance lamps, one (1) at each side.
            (C) On each side, two (2) side marker lamps, one (1) at or near the front end and one (1) at or near the rear.             (D) On each side, two (2) reflectors, one (1) at or near the front and one (1) at or near the rear.
        (3) On a truck-tractor, the following:
            (A) On the front, two (2) clearance lamps, one (1) at each side.
            (B) On the rear, one (1) stoplight.
        (4) On a trailer or semitrailer having a gross weight greater than three thousand (3,000) pounds, the following:
            (A) On the front, two (2) clearance lamps, one (1) at each side.
            (B) On each side, two (2) side marker lamps, one (1) at or near the front and one (1) at or near the rear.
            (C) On each side, two (2) reflectors, one (1) at or near the front and one (1) at or near the rear.
            (D) On the rear, two (2) clearance lamps, one (1) at each side.
            (E) On the rear, two (2) reflectors, one (1) at each side.
            (F) On the rear, one (1) stoplight.
        (5) On a pole trailer greater than three thousand (3,000) pounds gross weight, the following:
            (A) On each side, one (1) side marker lamp and one (1) clearance lamp, which may be in combination, to show to the front, side, and rear.
            (B) On the rear of the pole trailer or load, two (2) reflectors, one (1) at each side.
        (6) On a trailer, semitrailer, or pole trailer weighing not more than three thousand (3,000) pounds gross weight, the following:
            (A) On the rear, two (2) reflectors, one (1) on each side.
            (B) If a trailer or semitrailer is loaded or is of the dimensions that obscure the stoplight on the towing vehicle, one (1) stoplight.
        (7) On a truck-tractor semitrailer-semitrailer combination equipped with a B-train assembly (as defined in IC 9-13-2-13), the assembly must have at least the following:
            (A) On the rear, two (2) reflectors.
            (B) On the rear, one (1) operable tail lamp.
            (C) On the rear, one (1) operable brake lamp.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.1-1991, SEC.89.

IC 9-19-6-8
Clearance and marker lamps and reflectors; color displayed or reflected
    
Sec. 8. (a) A front clearance lamp, marker lamp, and reflector mounted on the front or on the side near the front of a vehicle must display or reflect an amber color.
    (b) A rear clearance lamp, marker lamp, and reflector mounted on the rear or on the sides near the rear of a vehicle must display or reflect a red color.
    (c) A lighting device and reflector mounted on the rear of a vehicle must display or reflect a red color, except as follows:         (1) The stoplight or other signal device may be red, amber, or yellow.
        (2) The light illuminating the license plate must be white.
        (3) The light emitted by a back-up lamp must be white or amber.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-6-9
Clearance and marker lamps; height and location
    
Sec. 9. (a) A reflector required by section 7 of this chapter must be mounted at a height not less than twenty-four (24) inches and not more than sixty (60) inches above the ground on which the vehicle stands. However, if the highest part of the permanent structure of the vehicle is less than twenty-four (24) inches, the reflector must be mounted as high as that part of the permanent structure will permit. The rear reflectors on a pole trailer may be mounted on each side of the bolster or load. A required red reflector on the rear of a vehicle may be incorporated with the tail lamp, but the reflector must meet all the other reflector requirements of this chapter.
    (b) A clearance lamp must be mounted on the permanent structure of a vehicle in such a manner as to indicate the vehicle's extreme width and as near the top of the vehicle as practicable. A clearance lamp and side marker lamp may be mounted in combination, provided illumination is given as required in this chapter with reference to both lamps.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-6-10
Clearance and marker lamps and reflectors; illumination and visibility
    
Sec. 10. (a) A reflector upon a vehicle referred to in section 7 of this chapter must be of the size and characteristics and maintained so as to be readily visible at nighttime from all distances within six hundred (600) feet to one hundred (100) feet from the vehicle when directly in front of the lawful upper beams of head lamps. A reflector required to be mounted on the side of a vehicle must reflect the required color of light to the sides, and a reflector mounted on the rear must reflect a red color to the rear.
    (b) A front or rear clearance lamp must be capable of being seen and distinguished under normal atmospheric conditions at the times lights are required under IC 9-21-7-2 at a distance of five hundred (500) feet from the front and rear, respectively, of the vehicle.
    (c) A side marker lamp must be capable of being seen and distinguished under normal atmospheric conditions at the times lights are required under IC 9-21-7-2 at a distance of five hundred (500) feet from the side of the vehicle on which the side marker lamps are mounted.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.1-1991, SEC.90.

IC 9-19-6-11 Farm equipment and tractors manufactured before July 1, 2006
    
Sec. 11. (a) This section does not apply to:
        (1) an implement of husbandry; or
        (2) a farm tractor;
manufactured after June 30, 2006.
    (b) A farm tractor and a self-propelled farm equipment unit or an implement of agriculture designed to be operated primarily in a farm field or on farm premises, if operated on a highway and not equipped with an electric lighting system, must at all times required by IC 9-21-7-2 be equipped with the following:
        (1) At least one (1) lamp displaying a white light visible from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the front of the vehicle.
        (2) At least one (1) lamp displaying a red light visible from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the rear of the vehicle.
        (3) Two (2) red reflectors visible from a distance of one hundred (100) feet to six hundred (600) feet to the rear when illuminated by the upper beams of head lamps.
The lights required by this subsection must be positioned so that one (1) lamp showing to the front and one (1) lamp or reflector showing to the rear will indicate the furthest projection of the tractor, unit, or implement on the side of the road used in passing the vehicle.
    (c) A combination of farm tractor and towed unit of farm equipment or implement of agriculture designed to be operated primarily in a farm field or on farm premises, if operated on a highway and not equipped with an electric lighting system, must at all times required by IC 9-21-7-2 be equipped with two (2) red reflectors that meet the following requirements:
        (1) Are visible from a distance of one hundred (100) feet to six hundred (600) feet to the rear when illuminated by the upper beams of head lamps.
        (2) Are mounted in a manner so as to indicate as nearly as practicable the extreme left and right rear projections of the towed unit or implement on the highway.
    (d) A farm tractor and a self-propelled unit of farm equipment or an implement of agriculture designed to be operated primarily in a farm field or on farm premises, if operated on a highway and equipped with an electric lighting system, must at all times required by IC 9-21-7-2 be equipped with the following:
        (1) Two (2) single-beam or multiple-beam head lamps meeting the requirements of section 20 or 21 of this chapter or IC 9-21-7-9.
        (2) Two (2) red lamps visible from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the rear, or in the alternative one (1) red lamp visible from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the rear and two (2) red reflectors visible from a distance of one hundred (100) feet to six hundred (600) feet to the rear when illuminated by the upper beams of head lamps.
The red lamps or reflectors must be mounted in the rear of the farm

tractor or self-propelled implement of agriculture so as to indicate as nearly as practicable the extreme left and right projections of the vehicle on the highways.
    (e) A combination of farm tractor and towed farm equipment or towed implement of agriculture designed to be operated primarily in a farm field or on farm premises, if operated on a highway and equipped with an electric lighting system, must at all times required by IC 9-21-7-2 be equipped as follows:
        (1) The farm tractor element of each combination must be equipped with two (2) single-beam or multiple-beam head lamps meeting the requirements of section 20 or 21 of this chapter or IC 9-21-7-9.
        (2) The towed unit of farm equipment or implement of agriculture element of each combination must be equipped with the following:
            (A) Two (2) red lamps visible from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the rear, or as an alternative one (1) red lamp visible from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the rear.
            (B) Two (2) red reflectors visible from a distance of one hundred (100) feet to six hundred (600) feet to the rear when illuminated by the upper beams of head lamps.
        The red lamps or reflectors must be located so as to indicate as nearly as practicable the extreme left and right rear projections of the towed unit or implement on the highway.
        (3) A combination of farm tractor and towed farm equipment or towed implement of agriculture equipped with an electric lighting system must be equipped with the following:
            (A) A lamp displaying a white or an amber light, or any shade of color between white and amber visible from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the front.
            (B) A lamp displaying a red light visible from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet to the rear.
        The lamps must be installed or capable of being positioned so as to indicate to the front and rear the furthest projection of that combination on the side of the road used by other vehicles in passing that combination.
    (f) A farm tractor, a self-propelled farm equipment unit, or an implement of agriculture must not display blinding field or flood lights when operated on a highway.
    (g) All rear lighting requirements may be satisfied by having a vehicle with flashing lights immediately trail farm equipment in accordance with IC 9-21-7-11.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.1-1991, SEC.91; P.L.127-1995, SEC.1; P.L.148-2005, SEC.1; P.L.210-2005, SEC.29; P.L.1-2006, SEC.161.

IC 9-19-6-11.3
Implements of husbandry and farm tractors; required equipment when manufactured after June 30, 2006, and operated on a

highway
    
Sec. 11.3. (a) This section applies to the following items manufactured after June 30, 2006, when operated on a highway:
        (1) An implement of husbandry.
        (2) A farm tractor.
    (b) An implement of husbandry or a farm tractor listed in subsection (a) must be equipped with:
        (1) head lamps;
        (2) tail lamps;
        (3) work lamps;
        (4) warning lamps;
        (5) extremity lamps;
        (6) turn indicators;
        (7) rear reflectors;
        (8) front and rear conspicuity material; and
        (9) front, rear, and side retroreflective material;
that comply with the standards contained in the American Society of Agricultural Engineers (ASAE) Standard S279.11 DEC01 or any subsequent standards developed by ASAE at the time the vehicle was manufactured.
As added by P.L.148-2005, SEC.2.

IC 9-19-6-12
Rear reflectors; vehicles not otherwise specifically required to have lamps or lighting devices
    
Sec. 12. (a) This section does not apply to:
        (1) an implement of husbandry; or
        (2) a farm tractor;
manufactured after June 30, 2006.
    (b) A vehicle, including an animal-drawn vehicle and a vehicle referred to in IC 9-19-1-1 not specifically required by this article to be equipped with lamps or other lighting devices, must at all times required by IC 9-21-7-2 be equipped with at least two (2) red reflectors visible from distances of one hundred (100) feet to six hundred (600) feet to the rear when illuminated by the upper beams of head lamps.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.1-1991, SEC.92; P.L.148-2005, SEC.3.

IC 9-19-6-13
Spot lamps
    
Sec. 13. A motor vehicle may be equipped with not more than two (2) spot lamps. A lighted spot lamp must be aimed and used when approaching another vehicle so that no part of the high intensity part of the beam will be directed to the left of the prolongation of the extreme left side of the vehicle or more than one hundred (100) feet ahead of the vehicle.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-6-14 Fog lamps
    
Sec. 14. A motor vehicle may be equipped with not more than two (2) fog lamps mounted on the front at a height not less than twelve (12) inches and not more than thirty (30) inches above the level surface upon which the vehicle stands. The fog lamps must be aimed so that when the vehicle is not loaded, none of the high-intensity part of the light to the left of the center of the vehicle will at a distance of twenty-five (25) feet ahead project higher than a level of four (4) inches below the level of the center of the lamp from which the light comes. Lighted fog lamps meeting these requirements may be used with lower head lamp beams as specified in section 20(2) of this chapter.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-6-15
Auxiliary passing lamps
    
Sec. 15. A motor vehicle may be equipped with not more than one (1) auxiliary passing lamp mounted on the front at a height not less than twenty-four (24) inches and not more than forty-two (42) inches above the level surface upon which the vehicle stands. Section 20 of this chapter applies to any combination of head lamps and auxiliary passing lamp.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-6-16
Auxiliary driving lamps
    
Sec. 16. A motor vehicle may be equipped with not more than one (1) auxiliary driving lamp mounted on the front at a height not less than sixteen (16) inches and not more than forty-two (42) inches above the level surface upon which the vehicle stands. Section 20 of this chapter applies to any combination of head lamps and auxiliary driving lamp.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-6-17
Stop lamps and turn signals; color, visibility, and operation
    
Sec. 17. (a) A motor vehicle may be equipped, and when required under this chapter must be equipped, with a stop lamp or lamps on the rear of the vehicle that:
        (1) displays a red or an amber light, or any shade of color between red and amber, visible from a distance of not less than one hundred (100) feet to the rear in normal sunlight;
        (2) will be actuated upon application of the service (foot) brake; and
        (3) may be incorporated with at least one (1) other rear lamp.
    (b) A motor vehicle may be equipped and when required under this chapter must be equipped with lamps or mechanical signal devices showing to the front and rear for the purpose of indicating an intention to turn either to the right or left. If lamps are used for this purpose, the lamps showing to the front must be located on the same

level and as widely spaced laterally as practicable and when in use must display a white or an amber light, or any shade of color between white and amber, visible from a distance of not less than one hundred (100) feet to the front in normal sunlight. The lamps showing to the rear must be located at the same level and as widely spaced laterally as practicable and when in use must display a red or an amber light, or any shade of color between red and amber, visible from a distance of not less than one hundred (100) feet to the rear in normal sunlight. When actuated the lamps must indicate the intended direction of turning by flashing the lights showing to the front and rear on the side toward which the turn is made. If mechanical signal devices are used for this purpose, the devices must be self-illuminated when in use at the times required by IC 9-21-7-2.
    (c) A stop lamp or signal lamp or device may not project a glaring light.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.1-1991, SEC.93.

IC 9-19-6-18
Fender lamps; running-board courtesy lamps; back-up lamps
    
Sec. 18. (a) A motor vehicle may be equipped with not more than two (2) side cowl or fender lamps that emit an amber or a white light without glare.
    (b) A motor vehicle may be equipped with not more than one (1) running-board courtesy lamp on each side that emits a white or an amber light without glare.
    (c) A motor vehicle may be equipped with not more than two (2) back-up lamps either separately or in combination with other lamps. However, a back-up lamp must not be lighted when the motor vehicle is in forward motion.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-6-19
Flashing warning lights
    
Sec. 19. (a) A vehicle may be equipped with lamps that may be used for the purpose of warning the operators of other vehicles of the presence of a vehicular traffic hazard requiring the exercise of unusual care in approaching, overtaking, or passing. The vehicles, when so equipped, may display the warning in addition to any other warning signals required by this article.
    (b) A lamp used to display a warning to the front must be mounted at the same level and as widely spaced laterally as practicable, and must display simultaneously flashing white or amber lights or any shade of color between white and amber.
    (c) A lamp used to display a warning to the rear must be mounted at the same level and as widely spaced laterally as practicable, and must show simultaneously flashing amber or red lights or any shade of color between red and amber.
    (d) A warning light must be visible from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet under normal atmospheric conditions at night.     (e) A motor vehicle used to transport operating crew members may display a lamp placed on the top of the motor vehicle with simultaneously flashing yellow or amber lights that must be visible as set forth in subsection (d).
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.183-2005, SEC.4.

IC 9-19-6-20
Multiple-beam road lighting equipment
    
Sec. 20. Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, the head lamps, the auxiliary driving lamp, the auxiliary passing lamp, or a combination of these lamps on motor vehicles, other than motorcycles or motor-driven cycles, must be arranged so that the driver may select between distributions of light projected to different elevations. The lamps may, in addition, be arranged so that the selection can be made automatically, subject to the following limitations:
        (1) There must be an uppermost distribution of light, or composite beam, aimed and of an intensity to reveal persons and vehicles at a distance of at least three hundred fifty (350) feet ahead for all conditions of loading.
        (2) There must be a lowermost distribution of light, or composite beam, aimed and of an intensity to reveal persons and vehicles at a distance of at least one hundred (100) feet ahead. On a straight level road, under any condition of loading, none of the high-intensity part of the beam may be directed to strike the eyes of an approaching driver.
        (3) A new motor vehicle, other than a motorcycle or motor-driven cycle, registered in Indiana after January 1, 1956, that has multiple-beam road lighting equipment must be equipped with a beam indicator that must be lighted whenever the uppermost distribution of light from the head lamps is in use. The beam indicator must not otherwise be lighted. The beam indicator must be designed and located so that when lighted the indicator is readily visible without glare to the driver of the vehicle so equipped.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-6-21
Single-beam road lighting equipment
    
Sec. 21. Head lamps arranged to provide a single distribution of light are permitted on motor vehicles manufactured and sold before March 9, 1956, instead of the multiple-beam road-lighting equipment specified in this chapter, if the single distribution of light meets the following requirements:
        (1) The head lamps must be aimed so that when the vehicle is not loaded none of the high-intensity part of the light will:
            (A) at a distance of twenty-five (25) feet ahead, project higher than a level of five (5) inches below the level of the center of the lamp from which light comes; and
            (B) at a distance of seventy-five (75) feet ahead, project

higher than forty-two (42) inches above the level on which the vehicle stands.
        (2) The intensity must be sufficient to reveal persons and vehicles at a distance of at least two hundred (200) feet.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-6-22
Motorcycles; head lamps
    
Sec. 22. (a) The head lamp or head lamps upon a motor-driven cycle may be of the single-beam or multiple-beam type.
    (b) A head lamp on a motor-driven cycle must be of sufficient intensity to reveal a person or a vehicle at a distance of not less than:
        (1) one hundred (100) feet when the motor-driven cycle is operated at a speed of less than twenty-five (25) miles per hour;
        (2) two hundred (200) feet when the motor-driven cycle is operated at a speed of at least twenty-five (25) miles per hour; and
        (3) three hundred (300) feet when the motor-driven cycle is operated at a speed of at least thirty-five (35) miles per hour.
    (c) If a motor-driven cycle is equipped with a multiple beam head lamp, the upper beam must meet the minimum requirements set forth in this section and must not exceed the limitations set forth in section 20(1) of this chapter and the lowermost distribution of light as set forth in section 20(2) of this chapter.
    (d) If a motor-driven cycle is equipped with a single beam lamp, the lamp must be aimed so that when the vehicle is loaded none of the high-intensity part of the light will, at a distance of twenty-five (25) feet ahead, project higher than the level of the center of the lamp from which the light comes.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-6-23
Standards and specifications
    
Sec. 23. (a) The Indiana department of transportation shall adopt standards and specifications applicable to:
        (1) head lamps;
        (2) clearance lamps;
        (3) identification lamps; and
        (4) other lamps;
on snow removal equipment when operated on Indiana highways instead of the lamps otherwise required on motor vehicles by this chapter.
    (b) The standards and specifications adopted under subsection (a) may permit the use of flashing lights for purposes of identification on snow removal equipment when in service upon the highways.
    (c) The standards and specifications for lamps referred to in this section must correlate with and, so far as possible, conform with those approved by the American Association of State Highway Officials.
    (d) A person may not operate snow-removal equipment on a

highway unless the lamps on the equipment comply with and are lighted when and as required by the standards and specifications adopted under this section.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-6-24
United States Department of Transportation regulations; classification of violations
    
Sec. 24. (a) This section does not apply to a person who owns or operates a vehicle or combination of vehicles that:
        (1) contains parts and accessories; and
        (2) is equipped;
as required under regulations of the United States Department of Transportation.
    (b) A person who violates this chapter commits a Class C infraction.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

CHAPTER 7. MOTORCYCLE EQUIPMENT

IC 9-19-7
     Chapter 7. Motorcycle Equipment

IC 9-19-7-1
Minors; protective headgear and face shields
    
Sec. 1. An individual less than eighteen (18) years of age who is operating or riding on a motorcycle on the streets or highways shall do the following:
        (1) Wear protective headgear meeting the minimum standards set by the bureau.
        (2) Wear protective glasses, goggles, or transparent face shields.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-7-2
Handlebars; brakes; footrests; lamps and reflectors
    
Sec. 2. (a) Except as provided in subsection (b), a motorcycle operated on the streets or highways by a resident of Indiana must meet the following requirements:
        (1) Be equipped with handlebars that rise not higher than the shoulders of the driver when the driver is seated in the driver's seat or saddle.
        (2) Be equipped with brakes in good working order on both front and rear wheels.
        (3) Be equipped with footrests or pegs for both operator and passenger.
        (4) Be equipped with lamps and reflectors meeting the standards of the United States Department of Transportation.
    (b) A motorcycle manufactured before January 1, 1956, is not required to be equipped with lamps and other illuminating devices under subsection (a) if the motorcycle is not operated at the times when lighted head lamps and other illuminating devices are required under IC 9-21-7-2.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.1-1992, SEC.49; P.L.63-1994, SEC.1; P.L.2-2010, SEC.1; P.L.87-2010, SEC.28.

IC 9-19-7-2.5
Rear view mirrors; speedometers; turn signals
    
Sec. 2.5. A motorcycle manufactured before January 1, 1956, is not required to be equipped with the following devices:
        (1) A rear view mirror.
        (2) A speedometer.
        (3) Mechanical or electric turn signals.
As added by P.L.63-1994, SEC.5.

IC 9-19-7-3
Classification of violations
    
Sec. 3. A person who violates this chapter commits a Class C infraction.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

CHAPTER 8. MUFFLERS AND NOISE LIMITS

IC 9-19-8
     Chapter 8. Mufflers and Noise Limits

IC 9-19-8-1
Application of chapter
    
Sec. 1. This chapter applies to every motor vehicle except an antique motor vehicle registered under IC 9-18-12-1.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-8-2
Muffler leaks, alteration, or deterioration
    
Sec. 2. A motor vehicle must be equipped with a muffler free from the following visually discernible conditions:
        (1) Exhaust gas leaks.
        (2) Alteration of muffler elements.
        (3) Deterioration of muffler elements.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-8-3
Operation of muffler or noise dissipative device
    
Sec. 3. A motor vehicle must be equipped with a muffler or other noise dissipative device that meets the following conditions:
        (1) Is in good working order.
        (2) Is in constant operation to prevent excessive noise.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-8-4
Muffler cutouts and bypasses
    
Sec. 4. A motor vehicle may not be equipped with any of the following:
        (1) A muffler cutout.
        (2) A bypass.
        (3) Any similar device.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-8-5
Excessive fumes or smoke
    
Sec. 5. The engine and power mechanism of a motor vehicle must be equipped and adjusted so as to prevent the escape of excessive fumes or smoke.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-8-6
United States Department of Transportation regulations; classification of violations
    
Sec. 6. (a) This section does not apply to a person who owns or operates a vehicle or combination of vehicles that:
        (1) contains parts and accessories; and
        (2) is equipped;
as required under regulations of the United States Department of

Transportation.
    (b) A person who violates this chapter commits a Class C infraction.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

CHAPTER 9. ODOMETERS

IC 9-19-9
     Chapter 9. Odometers

IC 9-19-9-1
Advertising, sale, use, or installation of devices causing odometers to misregister mileage
    
Sec. 1. A person may not:
        (1) advertise for sale;
        (2) sell;
        (3) use; or
        (4) install;
any device that causes an odometer to register mileage other than the mileage driven by the vehicle as registered by the odometer within the manufacturer's designed tolerance.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-9-2
Disconnecting, resetting, or altering odometer
    
Sec. 2. A person may not:
        (1) disconnect;
        (2) reset; or
        (3) alter;
the odometer of any motor vehicle with intent to change the number of miles indicated on the odometer.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-9-3
Operation of vehicle with disconnected or nonfunctional odometer
    
Sec. 3. (a) This section applies to all motor vehicles except the following:
        (1) Motorcycles.
        (2) Trucks the declared gross weight of which exceeds eleven thousand (11,000) pounds.
        (3) Motor vehicles that have a model year on their registration card that is at least five (5) years earlier than the year the vehicle is in operation on a street or highway.
    (b) A person may not knowingly operate a motor vehicle on a street or highway if the odometer of the vehicle is disconnected or nonfunctional.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-9-4
Service, repair, or replacement of odometer
    
Sec. 4. This chapter does not prohibit the service, repair, or replacement of an odometer if the mileage indicated on the odometer remains the same as before the service, repair, or replacement. If the odometer is incapable of registering the same mileage as before the service, repair, or replacement, the odometer shall be adjusted to read zero (0) and a notice in writing shall be attached to the left door frame of the vehicle by the owner or the owner's agent specifying the

mileage before repair or replacement of the odometer and the date on which the odometer was repaired or replaced. A person may not knowingly remove or alter a notice affixed to a motor vehicle under this section.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-9-5
Fraudulent violations and omissions; classification of offense
    
Sec. 5. A person who, with intent to defraud:
        (1) violates this chapter; or
        (2) omits to do any act that is required by this chapter;
commits a Class D felony.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-9-6
Corporate directors, officers, or agents; criminal liability
    
Sec. 6. An individual director, officer, or agent of a corporation who authorizes, orders, or performs any of the acts or practices prohibited by this chapter is subject to criminal liability in accordance with IC 35-41-2-4.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-9-7
Deceptive acts; civil penalties; recovery by attorney general
    
Sec. 7. A person who:
        (1) violates this chapter; or
        (2) violates 49 U.S.C. 32709 (as in effect January 1, 1995);
commits a deceptive act and is subject to a civil penalty of not more than one thousand five hundred dollars ($1,500) for each violation in addition to other remedies available under this chapter and IC 24-5-0.5. The attorney general, acting in the name of the state, has the exclusive right to petition for recovery of such a penalty, and the penalty may be recovered only in an action brought under IC 24-5-0.5-4(c).
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.54-2009, SEC.4.

CHAPTER 10. PASSENGER RESTRAINT SYSTEMS

IC 9-19-10
     Chapter 10. Passenger Restraint Systems

IC 9-19-10-1
Application of chapter
    
Sec. 1. This chapter does not apply to an occupant of a motor vehicle who meets any of the following conditions:
        (1) For medical reasons should not wear safety belts, provided the occupant has written documentation of the medical reasons from a physician.
        (2) Is a child required to be restrained by a child restraint system under IC 9-19-11.
        (3) Is traveling in a commercial or a United States Postal Service vehicle that makes frequent stops for the purpose of pickup or delivery of goods or services.
        (4) Is a rural carrier of the United States Postal Service and is operating a vehicle while serving a rural postal route.
        (5) Is a newspaper motor route carrier or newspaper bundle hauler who stops to make deliveries from a vehicle.
        (6) Is a driver examiner designated and appointed under IC 9-14-2-3 and is conducting an examination of an applicant for a permit or license under IC 9-24-10.
        (7) Is an occupant of a farm truck being used on a farm in connection with agricultural pursuits that are usual and normal to the farming operation, as set forth in IC 9-29-5-13(b)(2).
        (8) Is an occupant of a motor vehicle participating in a parade.
        (9) Is an occupant of the living quarters area of a recreational vehicle.
        (10) Is an occupant of the treatment area of an ambulance (as defined in IC 16-18-2-13).
        (11) Is an occupant of the sleeping area of a tractor.
        (12) Is an occupant other than the operator of a vehicle described in IC 9-20-11-1(1).
        (13) Is an occupant other than the operator of a truck on a construction site.
        (14) Is a passenger other than the operator in a cab of a Class A recovery vehicle or a Class B recovery vehicle who is being transported in the cab because the motor vehicle of the passenger is being towed by the recovery vehicle.
        (15) Is an occupant other than the operator of a motor vehicle being used by a public utility in an emergency as set forth in IC 9-20-6-5.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.67-2004, SEC.2; P.L.214-2007, SEC.6.

IC 9-19-10-2
Use of safety belt by motor vehicle occupants; safety belt standards
    
Sec. 2. Each occupant of a motor vehicle equipped with a safety belt that:
        (1) meets the standards stated in the Federal Motor Vehicle

Safety Standard Number 208 (49 CFR 571.208); and
        (2) is standard equipment installed by the manufacturer;
shall have a safety belt properly fastened about the occupant's body at all times when the vehicle is in forward motion.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.214-2007, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-10-2.5
Repealed
    
(Repealed by P.L.67-2004, SEC.14.)

IC 9-19-10-3
Repealed
    
(Repealed by P.L.214-2007, SEC.10.)

IC 9-19-10-3.1
Stopping, inspecting, or detaining vehicle; checkpoints
    
Sec. 3.1. (a) Except as provided in subsection (b), a vehicle may be stopped to determine compliance with this chapter. However, a vehicle, the contents of a vehicle, the driver of a vehicle, or a passenger in a vehicle may not be inspected, searched, or detained solely because of a violation of this chapter.
    (b) A law enforcement agency may not use a safety belt checkpoint to detect and issue a citation for a person's failure to comply with this chapter.
As added by P.L.214-2007, SEC.8.

IC 9-19-10-4
Educational programs
    
Sec. 4. The bureau, in cooperation with the Indiana department of transportation, division of traffic safety, shall develop and administer educational programs for the purpose of informing the general public of the benefits that will inure to passengers using safety belts.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-10-5
Retail sales, leases, trades, and transfers
    
Sec. 5. A person may not buy, sell, lease, trade, or transfer from or to Indiana residents at retail an automobile that is manufactured or assembled, commencing with the 1964 models, unless the automobile is equipped with safety belts installed for use in the front seat.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-10-6
Belt and installation specifications
    
Sec. 6. (a) A safety belt must be of a type and must be installed in a manner approved by the bureau.
    (b) The bureau shall establish specifications and requirements for approved types of safety belts and attachments to the safety belts.
    (c) The bureau shall accept, as approved, a seat belt installation

and the belt and anchor meeting the Society of Automotive Engineers' specifications.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-10-7
Failure to comply; fault; liability of insurer; mitigation of damages
    
Sec. 7. (a) Failure to comply with section 1, 2, 3.1(a), or 4 of this chapter does not constitute fault under IC 34-51-2 and does not limit the liability of an insurer.
    (b) Except as provided in subsection (c), evidence of the failure to comply with section 1, 2, 3.1(a), or 4 of this chapter may not be admitted in a civil action to mitigate damages.
    (c) Evidence of a failure to comply with this chapter may be admitted in a civil action as to mitigation of damages in a product liability action involving a motor vehicle restraint or supplemental restraint system. The defendant in such an action has the burden of proving noncompliance with this chapter and that compliance with this chapter would have reduced injuries, and the extent of the reduction.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.121-1993, SEC.1; P.L.1-1998, SEC.95; P.L.214-2007, SEC.9.

IC 9-19-10-8
Failure of front seat occupant to use belt; violation; classification; assessment of points
    
Sec. 8. (a) A person who:
        (1) is at least sixteen (16) years of age; and
        (2) violates section 2 of this chapter;
commits a Class D infraction.
    (b) The bureau may not assess points under the point system for Class D infractions under this section.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.57-1998, SEC.3; P.L.116-1998, SEC.3.

IC 9-19-10-9
Retail transfers of vehicles and belt and installation specifications; violation; classification
    
Sec. 9. A person who violates section 5 or 6 of this chapter commits a Class C infraction.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

CHAPTER 10.5. INFLATABLE RESTRAINT SYSTEMS

IC 9-19-10.5
     Chapter 10.5. Inflatable Restraint Systems

IC 9-19-10.5-1
"Inflatable restraint system"
    
Sec. 1. As used in this chapter, "inflatable restraint system" means an air bag that is activated in a crash.
As added by P.L.248-2003, SEC.3 and P.L.265-2003, SEC.3.

IC 9-19-10.5-2
Installation of object in place of complying inflatable restraint system
    
Sec. 2. A person may not knowingly or intentionally install in a motor vehicle, as part of the motor vehicle's inflatable restraint system, an object that does not comply with Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard Number 208 (49 CFR 571.208) for the make, model, and year of the motor vehicle.
As added by P.L.248-2003, SEC.3 and P.L.265-2003, SEC.3.

IC 9-19-10.5-3
Sale, lease, trade, or transfer of motor vehicle with object in place of complying inflatable restraint system
    
Sec. 3. A person may not knowingly or intentionally:
        (1) sell;
        (2) lease;
        (3) trade; or
        (4) transfer;
a motor vehicle in which is installed, as part of the motor vehicle's inflatable restraint system, an object that does not comply with Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard Number 208 (49 CFR 571.208) for the make, model, and year of the motor vehicle to an Indiana resident.
As added by P.L.248-2003, SEC.3 and P.L.265-2003, SEC.3.

IC 9-19-10.5-4
Violations; installation; Class A misdemeanor; Class D felony
    
Sec. 4. A person who violates section 2 of this chapter commits a Class A misdemeanor. However, the offense is a Class D felony if a person in a motor vehicle is injured as a result of the air bag tampering.
As added by P.L.248-2003, SEC.3 and P.L.265-2003, SEC.3.

IC 9-19-10.5-5
Violation; sale, lease, trade, or transfer of motor vehicle; Class D felony
    
Sec. 5. A person who violates section 3 of this chapter commits a Class D felony.
As added by P.L.248-2003, SEC.3 and P.L.265-2003, SEC.3.

CHAPTER 11. PASSENGER RESTRAINT SYSTEMS FOR CHILDREN

IC 9-19-11
     Chapter 11. Passenger Restraint Systems for Children

IC 9-19-11-1
Application of chapter
    
Sec. 1. This chapter does not apply to a person who operates any of the following vehicles:
        (1) A school bus.
        (2) A taxicab.
        (3) An ambulance.
        (4) A public passenger bus.
        (5) A motor vehicle having a seating capacity greater than nine (9) individuals that is owned or leased and operated by a religious or not-for-profit youth organization.
        (6) An antique motor vehicle.
        (7) A motorcycle.
        (8) A motor vehicle that is owned or leased by a governmental unit and is being used in the performance of official law enforcement duties.
        (9) A motor vehicle that is being used in an emergency.
        (10) A motor vehicle that is funeral equipment used in the operation of funeral services when used in:
            (A) a funeral procession;
            (B) the return trip to a funeral home (as defined in IC 25-15-2-15); or
            (C) both the funeral procession and return trip.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.67-2004, SEC.3; P.L.24-2006, SEC.3.

IC 9-19-11-2
Child less than eight years of age; child restraint system; penalty; medical exceptions; child restraint system account
    
Sec. 2. (a) A person who operates a motor vehicle in which there is a child less than eight (8) years of age who is not properly fastened and restrained according to the child restraint system manufacturer's instructions by a child restraint system commits a Class D infraction. A person may not be found to have violated this subsection if the person carries a certificate from a physician, physician's assistant, or advanced practice nurse stating that it would be impractical to require that a child be fastened and restrained by a child restraint system because of:
        (1) a physical condition, including physical deformity; or
        (2) a medical condition;
of the child and presents the certificate to the police officer or the court.
    (b) Notwithstanding IC 34-28-5-5(c), funds collected as judgments for violations under this section shall be deposited in the child restraint system account established by section 9 of this chapter.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.57-1998, SEC.4;

P.L.116-1998, SEC.4; P.L.67-2004, SEC.4; P.L.2-2005, SEC.33; P.L.146-2009, SEC.3.

IC 9-19-11-3
Repealed
    
(Repealed by P.L.146-2009, SEC.7.)

IC 9-19-11-3.3
Repealed
    
(Repealed by P.L.146-2009, SEC.7.)

IC 9-19-11-3.6
Safety belt standards; child between eight and 16 years of age; child restraint system or safety belt
    
Sec. 3.6. (a) A person who operates a motor vehicle in which there is a child and that is equipped with a safety belt meeting the standards stated in the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard Number 208 (49 CFR 571.208) commits a Class D infraction if:
        (1) the child is at least eight (8) years of age but less than sixteen (16) years of age; and
        (2) the child is not properly fastened and restrained according to the child restraint system manufacturer's instructions by a:
            (A) child restraint system; or
            (B) safety belt.
    (b) Notwithstanding IC 34-28-5-5(c), funds collected as judgments for violations under this section shall be deposited in the child restraint system account established by section 9 of this chapter.
As added by P.L.67-2004, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-11-3.7
Exception; child over 40 pounds; lap safety belt
    
Sec. 3.7. Notwithstanding sections 2 and 3.6 of this chapter, a person may operate a motor vehicle in which there is a child who weighs more than forty (40) pounds and who is properly restrained and fastened by a lap safety belt if:
        (1) the motor vehicle is not equipped with lap and shoulder safety belts; or
        (2) not including the operator's seat and the front passenger seat:
            (A) the motor vehicle is equipped with one (1) or more lap and shoulder safety belts; and
            (B) all the lap and shoulder safety belts are being used to properly restrain other children who are less than sixteen (16) years of age.
As added by P.L.67-2004, SEC.8. Amended by P.L.146-2009, SEC.4.

IC 9-19-11-4
Designation of violations as being within authority of violations clerk      Sec. 4. Notwithstanding IC 34-28-5-9(1), a court may not designate violations of this chapter as being within the authority of the violations clerk.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.1-1998, SEC.96.

IC 9-19-11-5
Enforcement proceedings; acquisition by violator of restraint system; costs; money judgments
    
Sec. 5. If at a proceeding to enforce section 2 of this chapter the court finds that the person:
        (1) has violated this chapter; and
        (2) possesses or has acquired a child restraint system;
the court shall enter judgment against the person. However, notwithstanding IC 34-28-5-4, the person is not liable for any costs or monetary judgment if the person has no previous judgments of violation of this chapter against the person.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.1-1998, SEC.97; P.L.67-2004, SEC.9.

IC 9-19-11-6
Enforcement proceedings; absence of possession by violator of restraint system; costs; money judgments
    
Sec. 6. (a) If at a proceeding to enforce section 2 of this chapter the court finds that the person:
        (1) has violated this chapter; and
        (2) does not possess or has not acquired a child restraint system;
the court shall enter judgment against the person and shall order the person to provide proof of possession or acquisition within thirty (30) days.
    (b) Notwithstanding IC 34-28-5-4, if the person:
        (1) complies with a court order under this section; and
        (2) has no previous judgments of violation of this chapter against the person;
the person is not liable for any costs or a monetary judgment.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.1-1998, SEC.98; P.L.67-2004, SEC.10.

IC 9-19-11-7

Forwarding to bureau of motor vehicles certified abstract of record of judgment
    
Sec. 7. A court shall forward to the bureau of motor vehicles a certified abstract of the record of judgment of any person in the court for a violation of this chapter in the manner provided by IC 9-25-6.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-11-8
Contributory negligence
    
Sec. 8. Failure to comply with this chapter does not constitute contributory negligence.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.
IC 9-19-11-9
Child restraint system account
    
Sec. 9. (a) The child restraint system account is established within the state general fund to make grants under subsection (d).
    (b) The account consists of the following:
        (1) Funds collected as judgments for violations under this chapter.
        (2) Appropriations to the account from the general assembly.
        (3) Grants, gifts, and donations intended for deposit in the account.
        (4) Interest that accrues from money in the account.
    (c) The account shall be administered by the criminal justice institute.
    (d) The criminal justice institute, upon the recommendation of the governor's council on impaired and dangerous driving, shall use money in the account to make grants to private and public organizations to:
        (1) purchase child restraint systems; and
        (2) distribute the child restraint systems:
            (A) without charge; or
            (B) for a minimal charge;
        to persons who are not otherwise able to afford to purchase child restraint systems.
The criminal justice institute shall adopt rules under IC 4-22-2 to implement this section.
    (e) Money in the account is appropriated continuously to the criminal justice institute for the purposes stated in subsection (a).
    (f) The expenses of administering the account shall be paid from money in the account.
    (g) The treasurer of state shall invest the money in the account not currently needed to meet the obligations of the account in the same manner as other public money may be invested. Interest that accrues from these investments shall be deposited in the account.
    (h) Money in the account at the end of a state fiscal year does not revert to the state general fund.
As added by P.L.67-2004, SEC.11.

IC 9-19-11-10
Violation; no assessment of points
    
Sec. 10. The bureau may not assess points under the point system for a violation of this chapter.
As added by P.L.67-2004, SEC.12.

IC 9-19-11-11
Violation; not basis for habitual offender determination
    
Sec. 11. A violation of this chapter may not be included in a determination of habitual violator status under IC 9-30-10-4.
As added by P.L.67-2004, SEC.13.

CHAPTER 12. REAR VIEW MIRRORS

IC 9-19-12
     Chapter 12. Rear View Mirrors

IC 9-19-12-1
Safety requirements
    
Sec. 1. A motor vehicle that is constructed or loaded so as to obstruct the driver's view to the rear from the driver's position must be equipped with a mirror located so as to reflect to the driver a view of the highway for a distance of at least two hundred (200) feet to the rear of the vehicle.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-12-2
United States Department of Transportation regulations; classification of violations
    
Sec. 2. (a) This section does not apply to a person who owns or operates a vehicle or combination of vehicles that:
        (1) contain parts and accessories; and
        (2) is equipped;
as required under regulations of the United States Department of Transportation.
    (b) A person who violates this chapter commits a Class C infraction.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

CHAPTER 13. SCHOOL BUS DESIGN AND EQUIPMENT

IC 9-19-13
     Chapter 13. School Bus Design and Equipment

IC 9-19-13-1
State school bus committee rules; contracts for pupil transportation; school district officers and employees
    
Sec. 1. The state school bus committee established by IC 20-27-3-1 shall adopt and enforce rules under IC 4-22-2 not inconsistent with this chapter to govern the design and operation of all school buses used for the transportation of school children when owned and operated by a school corporation or privately owned and operated under contract with an Indiana school corporation. The rules must by reference be made a part of such a contract with a school corporation. Each school corporation, officer and employee of the school corporation, and person employed under contract by a school district is subject to those rules.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.1-2005, SEC.101.

IC 9-19-13-2
Misconduct of school corporation officers or employees
    
Sec. 2. An officer or employee of a school corporation who:
        (1) violates any of the rules adopted by the state school bus committee concerning the design and operation of school buses; or
        (2) fails to include an obligation to comply with those rules in a contract executed by the officer or employee on behalf of a school corporation;
is guilty of misconduct and subject to removal from office or employment.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-13-3
Failure by contract operators to comply with rules; breach of contract
    
Sec. 3. A person operating a school bus under contract with a school corporation who fails to comply with any of the rules adopted by the state school bus committee concerning the design and operation of school buses is guilty of breach of contract. The contract may be canceled after notice and hearing by responsible officers of the school corporation.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-13-4
Equipment required
    
Sec. 4. A bus used to transport school children must be equipped as follows:
        (1) At least two (2) signal lamps mounted as high and as widely spaced laterally as practicable, capable of displaying the front two (2) alternately flashing red lights located at the same level, and having sufficient intensity to be visible at five hundred

(500) feet in normal sunlight.
        (2) As required by the state school bus committee under IC 20-27-3-4.
        (3) As required by IC 20-27-9.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.1-2005, SEC.102.

IC 9-19-13-4.5
Red lamps; prohibited vehicles
    
Sec. 4.5. (a) Except for a vehicle utilized in a funeral procession, a vehicle that is not described by section 4 of this chapter may not display a red lamp.
    (b) Except as provided in subsection (c), a person who:
        (1) purchases or otherwise acquires a vehicle with equipment described by section 4 of this chapter; and
        (2) is not authorized to display a red lamp upon the vehicle;
shall immediately remove the red lamp from the vehicle.
    (c) A person who:
        (1) purchases or otherwise acquires a vehicle with equipment described by section 4 of this chapter; and
        (2) uses the vehicle as a church bus;
is not required to remove the red lamp from the vehicle if the person renders the red lamp inoperable.
As added by P.L.99-1991, SEC.1. Amended by P.L.70-2009, SEC.2.

IC 9-19-13-5
United States Department of Transportation regulations; classification of violations
    
Sec. 5. (a) This section does not apply to a person who owns or operates a vehicle or combination of vehicles that:
        (1) contains parts and accessories; and
        (2) is equipped;
as required under regulations of the United States Department of Transportation.
    (b) A person who violates section 4(1) of this chapter commits a Class C infraction.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

CHAPTER 14. SPECIAL EQUIPMENT FOR EMERGENCY VEHICLES

IC 9-19-14
     Chapter 14. Special Equipment for Emergency Vehicles

IC 9-19-14-1
Siren, exhaust whistle, or bell
    
Sec. 1. An authorized emergency vehicle must, in addition to any other equipment and distinctive markings required by this article, be equipped with a siren, exhaust whistle, or bell capable of giving an audible signal.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-14-2
Signal lamps; visibility
    
Sec. 2. Except as provided in section 5 of this chapter, an authorized emergency vehicle must, in addition to other equipment required by this article, be equipped with signal lamps that are capable of displaying flashing, rotating, or oscillating beams of red or red and white light. The lights must be visible to oncoming traffic one hundred eighty (180) degrees around the front of the vehicle.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-14-3
Audibility requirements for sirens, whistles, and bells; use of siren
    
Sec. 3. An authorized emergency vehicle may be equipped with a siren, whistle, or bell capable of emitting sound audible under normal conditions from a distance of not less than five hundred (500) feet and of a type approved by the state police department. The siren may not be used except when the vehicle is operated as follows:
        (1) In response to an emergency call.
        (2) In the immediate pursuit of an actual or suspected violation of the law. In this case, the driver of the vehicle shall sound the vehicle's siren when reasonably necessary to warn pedestrians and other drivers of the vehicle's approach.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-14-4
Right-of-way
    
Sec. 4. The use of signal equipment described in this chapter imposes upon a driver of another vehicle the duty to yield right-of-way and stop as prescribed in IC 9-21-8-35.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-14-5
Police vehicles used as emergency vehicles
    
Sec. 5. A police vehicle, when used as an authorized emergency vehicle, must be equipped with either of the following:
        (1) At least two (2) signal lamps capable of displaying a red beam and a blue beam that meet the following requirements:
            (A) The signal lamps are mounted as high and as widely spaced laterally as practicable or mounted in a manner that

will make the lights visible to oncoming traffic one hundred eighty (180) degrees around the front of the vehicle.
            (B) The signal lamps are capable of displaying to the front alternately flashing red and blue lights.
            (C) The signal lamp capable of displaying the red beam is located on the driver's side of the vehicle and the signal lamp capable of displaying the blue beam is located on the passenger's side of the vehicle.
        (2) One (1) signal lamp that is capable of displaying a red beam and a blue beam in a manner that will make the light visible to oncoming traffic one hundred eighty (180) degrees in front of the vehicle.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-14-5.5
Red and white lamps; red and blue lamps
    
Sec. 5.5. (a) Except for a vehicle utilized in a funeral procession, a vehicle that is not described by sections 2 or 5 of this chapter may not display a red and white lamp or a red and blue lamp.
    (b) A person who:
        (1) purchases or otherwise acquires a vehicle with equipment described by sections 2 or 5 of this chapter; and
        (2) is not authorized to display a red and white or red and blue lamp upon the vehicle;
shall immediately remove the red and white or red and blue lamp from the vehicle.
As added by P.L.99-1991, SEC.2.

IC 9-19-14-6
United States Department of Transportation regulations; classification of violations
    
Sec. 6. (a) This section does not apply to a person who owns or operates a vehicle or combination of vehicles that:
        (1) contains parts and accessories; and
        (2) is equipped;
as required under regulations of the United States Department of Transportation.
    (b) A person who violates this chapter commits a Class C infraction.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

CHAPTER 14.5. SPECIAL EQUIPMENT FOR PRIVATE EMERGENCY VEHICLES

IC 9-19-14.5
     Chapter 14.5. Special Equipment for Private Emergency Vehicles

IC 9-19-14.5-1
Display of green lights on privately owned vehicles in line of duty
    
Sec. 1. A privately owned vehicle belonging to a certified paramedic, certified emergency medical technician-intermediate, certified emergency medical technician-basic advanced, certified emergency medical technician, certified emergency medical service driver, or certified emergency medical service first responder while traveling in the line of duty in connection with emergency medical services activities may display flashing or revolving green lights, subject to the following restrictions and conditions:
        (1) The lights may not have a light source less than fifty (50) candlepower.
        (2) All lights must be prominently displayed on the top of the vehicle.
        (3) Not more than two (2) green lights may be displayed on a vehicle and each light must be of the flashing or revolving type and visible at three hundred sixty (360) degrees.
        (4) The lights must consist of:
            (A) a lamp with a green lens; or
            (B) a green light emitting diode (LED).
        However, the revolving lights may contain multiple bulbs.
        (5) The green lights may not be a part of the regular head lamps displayed on the vehicle.
        (6) For a person to be authorized under this chapter to display a flashing or revolving green light on the person's vehicle, the person must first secure a written permit from the executive director of the department of homeland security to use the light. The permit must be carried by the person when the light is displayed.
As added by P.L.2-1993, SEC.66. Amended by P.L.205-2003, SEC.2; P.L.236-2003, SEC.3; P.L.97-2004, SEC.38; P.L.1-2006, SEC.162; P.L.138-2009, SEC.1.

IC 9-19-14.5-2
Unlawful display of green lights; violations
    
Sec. 2. Except as provided in section 1 of this chapter, a person who displays on any public or private motor vehicle at any time flashing or revolving green lights of any size or shape commits a Class C infraction.
As added by P.L.2-1993, SEC.66. Amended by P.L.236-2003, SEC.4.

IC 9-19-14.5-3

Operation of vehicle when green light not illuminated
    
Sec. 3. This chapter does not prohibit the operation of a vehicle lawfully equipped with a flashing or revolving green light from being operated as any other vehicle when the green light is not illuminated.
As added by P.L.2-1993, SEC.66. Amended by P.L.236-2003, SEC.5.

CHAPTER 15. SPECIAL EQUIPMENT FOR TRANSPORTING EXPLOSIVES

IC 9-19-15
     Chapter 15. Special Equipment for Transporting Explosives

IC 9-19-15-1
Emergency warning signals
    
Sec. 1. A person may not operate a motor vehicle for the transportation of explosives unless the motor vehicle is equipped with the equipment required under IC 9-19-5-6(d).
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-15-2
Compliance with chapter; federal regulation
    
Sec. 2. A person operating a vehicle transporting an explosive as a cargo or part of a cargo upon a highway shall comply with this chapter. This chapter does not apply to a vehicle transporting an interstate shipment or shipments that is otherwise in compliance with the regulations of the Interstate Commerce Commission or other federal agency governing the transportation of explosives and other dangerous articles, including requirements for placarding.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-15-3
Placarding and danger flags
    
Sec. 3. A vehicle transporting explosives must meet one (1) of the following requirements:
        (1) Be marked or placarded on each side and the rear with the word "explosives" in letters not less than eight (8) inches high.
        (2) Have displayed on the rear of the vehicle a red flag not less than twenty-four (24) inches square marked with the word "danger" in white letters six (6) inches high.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-15-4
Fire extinguishers
    
Sec. 4. A vehicle transporting explosives must be equipped with not less than two (2) fire extinguishers, filled and ready for immediate use and placed at a convenient point on the vehicle.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-15-5
United States Department of Transportation regulations; classification of violations
    
Sec. 5. (a) This section does not apply to a person who owns or operates a vehicle or combination of vehicles that:
        (1) contains parts and accessories; and
        (2) is equipped;
as required under regulations of the United States Department of Transportation.
    (b) A person who violates this chapter commits a Class C infraction. As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

CHAPTER 16. REPEALED

IC 9-19-16
Repealed

    (Repealed by P.L.1-1993, SEC.54.)

CHAPTER 17. TELEVISION SETS

IC 9-19-17
     Chapter 17. Television Sets

IC 9-19-17-1
Television screen visible to driver
    
Sec. 1. A person may not:
        (1) own a motor vehicle; or
        (2) operate upon a highway a motor vehicle;
that has a television set installed so that the screen of the television set can be seen by a person sitting in the driver's seat.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-17-2
Classification of violations
    
Sec. 2. A person who violates this chapter commits a Class C infraction.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

CHAPTER 18. TIRES

IC 9-19-18
     Chapter 18. Tires

IC 9-19-18-1
Solid rubber tires
    
Sec. 1. A solid tire made of rubber on a vehicle must have rubber on the tire's entire traction surface at least one (1) inch thick above the edge of the flange of the entire periphery.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-18-2
Metal tires
    
Sec. 2. A person may not operate or move on a highway a motor vehicle, trailer, or semitrailer having a metal tire in contact with the roadway.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-18-3
Protuberances on tires
    
Sec. 3. (a) Except as provided in subsections (b) through (e), a tire on a vehicle moved on a highway may not have on the tire's periphery a block, stud, flange, cleat, or spike or any other protuberance of any material other than rubber that projects beyond the tread of the traction surface of the tire.
    (b) Implements of agriculture may use tires having protuberances that will not injure the highway.
    (c) Tire chains of reasonable proportions may be used upon a vehicle when required for safety because of snow, ice, or other conditions tending to cause a vehicle to skid.
    (d) From October 1 to the following May 1, a vehicle may use tires in which have been inserted ice grips or tire studs, including retractable tire studs, that:
        (1) are of wear-resisting material;
        (2) are installed in a manner that provides resiliency upon contact with the road;
        (3) have projections that do not exceed three thirty-seconds (3/32) of an inch beyond the tread of the traction surface of the tire; and
        (4) are constructed to prevent any appreciable damage to the road surface.
    (e) Notwithstanding subsection (d), a vehicle may be equipped year-round with tires that have retractable tire studs if the tire studs remain retracted from May 2 to September 30 of each year.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.210-2005, SEC.30; P.L.35-2008, SEC.2.

IC 9-19-18-4
Special permits
    
Sec. 4. The Indiana department of transportation and local authorities in their respective jurisdictions may in their discretion

issue special permits authorizing the operation upon a highway of:
        (1) traction engines;
        (2) tractors having movable tracks with transverse corrugations upon the periphery of movable tracks; or
        (3) farm tractors or implements of agriculture designed to be operated primarily in a farm field or on farm premises;
the operation of which upon a highway would otherwise be prohibited under this chapter.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.210-2005, SEC.31.

IC 9-19-18-5
United States Department of Transportation regulations; classification of violations
    
Sec. 5. (a) This section does not apply to a person who owns or operates a vehicle or combination of vehicles that:
        (1) contains parts and accessories; and
        (2) is equipped;
as required under regulations of the United States Department of Transportation.
    (b) A person who violates this chapter commits a Class C infraction.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

CHAPTER 19. WINDOWS AND WINDSHIELD WIPERS

IC 9-19-19
     Chapter 19. Windows and Windshield Wipers

IC 9-19-19-1
Safety glazing materials defined
    
Sec. 1. As used in this chapter, "safety glazing materials" means glazing materials constructed, treated, or combined with other materials to reduce substantially, in comparison with ordinary sheet glass or plate glass, the likelihood of injury to persons by objects from exterior sources or by the safety glazing materials when the materials are cracked or broken.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-19-2
Front windshield
    
Sec. 2. A motor vehicle, except a motorcycle or a motor-driven cycle, required to be registered with the bureau must be equipped with a front windshield.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-19-3
Decals, signs, posters, sunscreens, or other nontransparent material
    
Sec. 3. (a) This section does not apply to the display of a decal required by the United States Department of Defense on the following:
        (1) A military vehicle.
        (2) A motor vehicle owned by a person in the service of the armed forces of the United States.
        (3) A motor vehicle owned by a person employed by the armed forces of the United States.
        (4) A motor vehicle authorized to display the decal by the military police of the armed forces of the United States.
    (b) A person may not drive a motor vehicle with a sign, poster, sunscreening material, or other nontransparent material upon the front windshield, side wings, or side or rear windows of the vehicle that obstructs the driver's clear view of the highway or an intersecting highway. However, signs, posters, or other nontransparent material not larger than four (4) inches square may be placed upon the front windshield, side wings, or side or rear windows in the lower corner farthest removed from the driver's position.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-19-4
Tinting, glazing, or sunscreening vehicle windows
    
Sec. 4. (a) This section does not apply to a manufacturer's tinting or glazing of motor vehicle windows or windshields that is otherwise in compliance with or permitted by FMVSS205 as promulgated in 49 CFR 571.205. Proof from the manufacturer, supplier, or installer that the tinting or glazing is in compliance with or permitted by

FMVSS205 must be carried in the vehicle.
    (b) This section does not apply to the driver of a vehicle:
        (1) that is owned by an individual required for medical reasons to be shielded from the direct rays of the sun; or
        (2) in which an individual required for medical reasons to be shielded from the direct rays of the sun is a habitual passenger.
The medical reasons must be attested to by a physician or optometrist licensed to practice in Indiana, and the physician's or optometrist's certification of that condition must be carried in the vehicle. The physician's or optometrist's certificate must be renewed annually.
    (c) A person may not drive a motor vehicle that has a:
        (1) windshield;
        (2) side wing;
        (3) side window that is part of a front door; or
        (4) rear back window;
that is covered by or treated with sunscreening material or is tinted to the extent or manufactured in a way that the occupants of the vehicle cannot be easily identified or recognized through that window from outside the vehicle. However, it is a defense if the sunscreening material applied to those windows has a total solar reflectance of visible light of not more than twenty-five percent (25%) as measured on the nonfilm side and light transmittance of at least thirty percent (30%) in the visible light range.
    (d) A person may not tint or otherwise cover or treat with sunscreening the parts of a vehicle described in subsection (c) so that operation of the vehicle after the tinting or sunscreening is performed is a violation of subsection (c). However, it is not a violation of this chapter if this work is performed for a person who submits a physician's or optometrist's statement as described in subsection (b) to the person who is to perform the work.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.128-1995, SEC.1; P.L.12-2003, SEC.1.

IC 9-19-19-5
Sale or registration of new vehicles not equipped with approved safety glazing; application of section
    
Sec. 5. (a) This section applies to all passenger-type motor vehicles, including passenger buses and school buses. With respect to trucks, including truck-tractors, the requirements for safety glazing material in this section apply to all glazing material used in doors, windows, and windshields in the driver's compartment of a vehicle.
    (b) A person may not sell a new motor vehicle and a new motor vehicle may not be registered unless the vehicle is equipped with safety glazing material of a type approved by the director of traffic safety wherever glazing material is used in doors, windows, and windshields.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-19-6
Windshield wipers      Sec. 6. (a) The windshield on a motor vehicle must be equipped with a device for cleaning rain, snow, or other moisture from the windshield. The device must be constructed to be controlled or operated by the driver of the vehicle.
    (b) A windshield wiper upon a motor vehicle must be maintained in good working order.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7.

IC 9-19-19-7
United States Department of Transportation regulations; classification of violations
    
Sec. 7. (a) This section does not apply to a person who owns or operates a vehicle or combination of vehicles that:
        (1) contains parts and accessories; and
        (2) is equipped;
as required under regulations of the United States Department of Transportation.
    (b) Except as provided in section 8 of this chapter, a person who violates this chapter commits a Class C infraction.
As added by P.L.2-1991, SEC.7. Amended by P.L.12-2003, SEC.2.

IC 9-19-19-8
Action of tinting or applying sunscreening so vehicle occupants not easily identified; classification of offense
    
Sec. 8. A person who violates section 4(d) of this chapter commits a Class A infraction.
As added by P.L.12-2003, SEC.3.

CHAPTER 20. MOTOR VEHICLES USED FOR GOVERNMENT FUNDED TRANSPORTATION OF PASSENGERS

IC 9-19-20
     Chapter 20. Motor Vehicles Used for Government Funded Transportation of Passengers

IC 9-19-20-1
Application of chapter
    
Sec. 1. (a) Except as provided by subsection (b), this chapter applies to a motor vehicle that is used to provide transportation of passengers by a profit or nonprofit corporation if the corporation receives revenue for the transportation service from federal, state, or local governments.
    (b) This section does not apply to the following:
        (1) A motor vehicle that is manufactured to transport less than six (6) passengers.
        (2) A private bus (as defined in IC 9-13-2-133(a)).
As added by P.L.2-1992, SEC.86.

IC 9-19-20-2
Inspection by state police department
    
Sec. 2. (a) The state police department may inspect a vehicle subject to this chapter.
    (b) In the inspection, the department may determine the existence and condition of the following:
        (1) The vehicle's brakes.
        (2) The vehicle's lights as follows:
            (A) Headlamps.
            (B) Taillamps.
            (C) Brake lights.
            (D) Clearance lights.
            (E) Turn signals.
        (3) The vehicle's steering and suspension.
        (4) The vehicle's exhaust systems.
        (5) The vehicle's body in general.
        (6) The vehicle's tires.
As added by P.L.2-1992, SEC.86.

IC 9-19-20-3
Rules
    
Sec. 3. The state police superintendent shall adopt rules under IC 4-22-2 to prescribe safety requirements for the construction and equipment of motor vehicles subject to this chapter.
As added by P.L.2-1992, SEC.86.

IC 9-19-20-4
Vehicles meeting safety requirements; certificate
    
Sec. 4. If the inspection under section 2 of this chapter reveals that a vehicle meets the safety requirements prescribed under this chapter, the inspecting officer shall issue to the owner of the vehicle a certificate stating that the vehicle was inspected and met the prescribed safety requirements. As added by P.L.2-1992, SEC.86.

CHAPTER 21. SPECIAL EQUIPMENT FOR MUNICIPAL WASTE COLLECTION AND TRANSPORTATION VEHICLES

IC 9-19-21
     Chapter 21. Special Equipment for Municipal Waste Collection and Transportation Vehicles

IC 9-19-21-1
Applicability of chapter
    
Sec. 1. This chapter applies to a municipal waste collection and transportation vehicle that is:
        (1) purchased after June 30, 1993; and
        (2) used to collect municipal solid waste from residences.
As added by P.L.114-1993, SEC.2.

IC 9-19-21-2
Yellow strobe light equipment
    
Sec. 2. A municipal waste collection and transportation vehicle must be equipped with a yellow strobe light that meets Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) standards.
As added by P.L.114-1993, SEC.2.

IC 9-19-21-3
Lighting capabilities of strobe
    
Sec. 3. The strobe light required under section 2 of this chapter must have a candlepower of at least two million (2,000,000) on a horizontal plane and be capable of producing not less than eighty (80) double flashes during one (1) minute, or must meet the photometric requirements for class one 360 degree gaseous discharge warning lamps as prescribed by Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) standards.
As added by P.L.114-1993, SEC.2.

IC 9-19-21-4
Required use and display of strobe light
    
Sec. 4. The strobe light required under section 2 of this chapter must be used whenever the municipal waste collection and transportation vehicle is making frequent stops to collect municipal solid waste.
As added by P.L.114-1993, SEC.2.

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